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Gran Carro underwater settlement (Lake Bolsena, Italy)
Autore Shark
Venerdi - Gennaio 23, 2015 21:33
Gran Carro underwater settlement (Lake Bolsena, Italy)
Gran Carro underwater settlement (Lake Bolsena, Italy)
Lake Bolsena, one of the lakes of volcanic origin in central Italy, appears almost like an inland sea thanks to its size, depth and to the presence of two small islands, Bisentina and Martana. The first underwater archaeological finds located in the inland waters of central Italy were found in this lake in 1959 with the discovery of the protohistoric settlement of Gran Carro.
Gran Carro is a wide-spread settlement dating from the beginning of the Early Iron Age (IXth century BC). The site is situated near the eastern shores of the lake basin, only 100 m from the present shore, at a depth of between 4 and 5 m; it has been the subject of only modest studies over the years. Thus the knowledge of the whole context is based, above all, on the analysis of surface data as well as topographical readings, which have identified over four hundred poles fixed in the lake bed in long lines, and also on the type-chronology study of the large amount of material found. It has been possible to propose an initial reconstruction of the relationship between the water level of the lake and the settlement, which during the last phase of life adopted constructive solutions type of pile-dwelling.
In 2012 and 2013 the researches are restarted checking the state of the settlement preservation. Topographical positioning has been planned to make an archaeological complete GIS mapping of the site and a future 3D reconstruction of the pile-dwelling village. Furthermore, it has been effected small stratigraphic samples in two squares, implementing the graphic documentation of the underlying layers.
* Patrizia PETITTI, Soprintendenza per i Beni Archeologici dell’Etruria Meridionale, patrizia.petitti@beniculturali.it
Founded in 1939, this Superintendence takes its name from the area for which it is responsible: the Southern part of the ancient Etruscan territory. It is a regional office connected to the Ministry of Cultural Heritage and Activities (Ministero per i Beni e le Attività Culturali) and is subordinated to the Regional Authority for Cultural and Landscape Heritage of Lazio (Direzione Regionale per i Beni Culturali e Paesaggistici del Lazio).
** Antonia SCIANCALEPORE, archaeologist of Centro Ricerche S.S.B., anto.scia@libero.it

** Egidio SEVERI, president of Centro Ricerche S.S.B., egidio.s@bolsenanew.it

The Research Centre “Lake Bolsena Scuba School” is an Association of volunteers, coordinated and led by a highly qualified technical-scientific team and has the objective to became a reference for the scientific researches of the lake. All the operations and researches have been performed in collaboration with the Archaeological Superintendence for the Southern Etruria.

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